Pollution not only exists in the air. There are varying forms of pollution, including ocean pollution. Over the past couple of years, ocean pollution has increased ten-fold. There are different pollutants that are under the umbrella of ocean pollution. To eliminate and prevent ocean pollution, we must first understand the different pollutants. Listed below are three forms of pollutants and how to prevent them. 

Oil pollution

Probably the most devastating to wildlife, oil pollution is not uncommon in oceans. Whether its from deep oil extraction accidents or from cars and trucks, oil pollution eventually makes its way to the ocean. Oil is harmful to animals and wildlife. Some animals may experience lung complications including dolphins and whales. Others including birds and pelicans can suffer from hypothermia if their fur is covered in oil. So what’s the solution to curbing oil pollution? First, companies must continue to be responsible for the proper equipment and extraction of offshore drilling. Secondly, be mindful of your oil consumption. Find retailers around you that dispose of oil properly. 

Noise Pollution

While noise pollution is uncommon and unfamiliar with most that are aware of climate change, it still plays a role in ocean pollution. Noise pollution comes from multiple sources, including ships, noisy aircraft, explosions, or sonar tests. It may not seem like a big deal to create noise, but some fish that live underwater rely on sound for movement and survival. The ocean is too dark for some fish. Noise pollutants can cause health issues for some fish. So what’s the solution to eliminate noise pollution? Researching new technologies that allow us to still operate ships and sonar tests with a reduced sound output is the best method. 

Mercury: 

Mercury is typically found in fish. They either eat it or is found within their ecosystem. However, that’s not the pollution that causes harmful effects on fish. When fossil fuels are extracted, that releases mercury. Mercury is harmful to both humans and marine life. For marine life, it can cause environments to worsen. For humans, it can affect our neurological health. So what’s the solution to prevent mercury pollution? When buying products, consider whether they contain Mercury. If they do, don’t buy the product. If you have mercury products and are looking to dispose of them, seek out local waste providers that can eliminate it responsibly.